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There are many differences between the two, but one of the biggest distinctions is that the funds in an FSA will expire if unused during a plan year while the HSA funds can be used beyond the plan year.

FSA: Employees can make pre-tax contributions to their FSA accounts, which are pre-funded by the employer and repaid through payroll deductions. Money in FSAs can be used to cover eligible expenses and must be used before the end of the plan year. This is known as the “use it or lose it rule.”

HSA: A tax-advantaged account for people who are enrolled in a high-deductible health plan (HDHP). Pre-tax dollars are contributed to the account and accumulate each year that you’re enrolled without expiring. These funds can be used to cover eligible medical expenses and investments.

Learn more about how to spend your FSA and HSA from the IRS.

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